finland air force hakenkreuz

, 30. Dezember 2020

Even a small contribution by you will help us keep running. When Britain tried to add some of their own (fearing that the provisions were there only to augment the Soviet air-defences) they were opposed by the Soviets. Can we make mountain out of molehill with Raghul Gandhi? Soon, these symbols “swastikas” became the symbol of a German-Aryan identity. Finland purchased a large number of aircraft during the Winter War, but few of those reached service during the short conflict. King Nero of Rome versus King Nero – Rahul Gandhi of Congress, वीरता व शौर्य के प्रतीक महाराजा सूरजमल: जिन्होंने 80 युद्ध लड़े, लेकिन कोई राजा नहीं हरा पाया, धोखा देकर उनके बलोचिस्तान को फिर से गुलाम बना दिया, Daredevil of Indian Army: Para SF Major Mohit Sharma’s who became Iftikaar Bhatt to kill terrorists, The story of Lord Jagannath and Krishna’s heart, गुप्त काल को स्वर्ण युग क्यों कहा जाता है, How Maharana Pratap defeated Mughals: The untold History, Letter from Max Müller to Heinrich Schliemann, quoted in Schliemann, Ilios, London, 1880. Max Muller protested against the word Swastika being applied generally to a variety of similar symbols as it was a word of Indian origin with a definite meaning in India. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window),,,,,, The swastika, the Earlist known symbol and its migrations,, The swastika, the earlist known symbol and its migrations, Most notably, it was a fertility symbol in India and other countries, and has positive connotations in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and some other faiths. Skip to content. In addition, the shoulder insignia of the Airforce Headquarters bears a swastika design. The Air Force monitors and secures the integrity of Finland's territory on a 24/7 basis. It seems like the Reds also operated two aircraft over the Eastern front. Air Force Academy. It bears a strong resemblance to Swastika and people often refer to Hakenkreuz as … Norman Brown, Professor of Sanskrit at the University of Pennsylvania, declaimed in his pamphlet, The Swastika, a Study of Nazi Claims of its Aryan Origin:The present Nazi claims are untenable. Swastika-like images have been found throughout ancient cultures. The final decision for choosing the new Air Force jet is based on five key considerations, which are the multi-role fighter’s military capability, security of supply, industrial cooperation solutions, procurement and life cycle costs, and security and defence policy implications. At the start of the war, the air force had in it's stocks 3,9 million liters of fuel. The narrative had pro-Christianity and anti-Semitic elements as well. Why to bind swastika symbol with a single, monochromatic interpretation when it has been termed as the ‘symbol with the most varied interpretations’ (Goblet D’Alveiella) and why to make its evocation appear simplistic when Max Muller termed it as a ‘troublesome puzzle’? The deracinated symbol was now an Aryan symbol to assert Aryan (anti-Semitic) racial superiority and to suppress perceived non-Aryan people. Albatros arrived from Sweden by the end of February 1918. 5 5. I just find it weird. A Change in Meaning In the 1800s, countries around Germany were growing much larger, forming empires; yet Germany was not a unified country until 1871. The goal is to retain the numerical strength of the FAF fighter fleet, which means that the goal is to obtain some 64 aircraft. Finland was part of the Russian empire from 1809 until the Russian Revolution in 1917 and the first steps in Finnish aviation were taken with Russian aircraft. 'MT-501' is in black and white. Hitler himself finalized this insignia. Just here to remember that was the flag of the Finnish air force until this year. Current (misleading) nsfw. The nation of Finland fields a modestly-sized air force stocked with modern equipment from foreign suppliers. The tursaansydän is used by scouts in some instances and a student organization. None of our partner shops or mates has this currently for sale. 1: 2: Chemical Warfare Platforms by Admin Dec 7, 2016 20:24:49 GMT: Civilian Aircraft. The Reds' air activity was not particularly successful. Current (misleading) nsfw. The end of World War II, and the Paris peace talks of 1947 brought with it some limitations to the FAF. It was later given the Finnish Air Force designation F.2 ("F" coming from the Swedish word "Flygmaskin", meaning "aircraft").[2]. The overall scheme is of light blue undersides with possibly grey-green upper surfaces and mottling. It was long a rather surprising choice of imagery for Finland's Air Force Command - a swastika and pair of wings. The Finnish Air Force shot down 1,621 Soviet aircraft while losing 210 of its own aircraft during the Continuation War.[10]. Additionally, it coordinates and leads the air defence of all Services. The armoured cars that were embargoed by the Finnish white troops during the independence War 1918 were painted with a swastika. Subsequently, Swastika became an Aryan symbol when Aryan had already become a racial category. Amidst all this theorizing, an archaeologist named Heinrich Schliemann had chanced upon the ancient fabled city of Troy, mentioned in Homer’s Greek classic Iliad, at Hissarlik. Pilot training is undertaken at the Air Force Academy in Tikkakoski, with advanced conversion performed at squadron level. It still appears in various medals and decorations, the most famous being the … Hakenkreuz, the symbol par excellence of superiority of German master race was pushed still further to symbolize German nationalistic pride. The earliest known use of word “svastika” or “swastika” is found in the 6th century BC Sanskrit philologist Panini’s Ashtadhyayi. 30 Soviet planes were captured – these were "kills" that landed more or less intact within Finland and were quickly repaired. As with most aerial bombardment of the early stages of World War II, the damage to Finnish industry and railways was quite limited. It had been considerably strengthened and consisted of some 550 aircraft, though many were considered second-rate and thus "exportable" by their countries of origin. Most of the airbases that the Russians had left in Finland had been taken over by Whites after the Russian pilots had returned to Russia. The Reds created air units in Helsinki, Tampere, Kouvola, and Viipuri. In the 1920s, the Hakenkreuz became the symbol for the Nazi party in the Western world. Ornamental and secular representation of Swastika are equally common in India. The Imperial Russian Air Force aircraft hangars for seaplanes in Reval (Tallinn) harbor were some of the first reinforced concrete structures in the world. To offset their gradual decommission, the Nordic nation has five replacement contenders on its radar: the F-35 (Lockheed Martin), the F/A-18 Super Hornet (Boeing), the Gripen E (Saab), the Rafale (Dassault) and the Eurofighter Typhoon. The symbol was already very well-known in the Western world long before the National Socialist German Workers Party (aka the Nazis) appropriated it and tilted it at a 45-degree angle to make their own symbol. The swastika was also used by the Finnish Air Force until 1945, and is … Such brave souls of Bharat Mata who knows every minute of their life may become the last minute. The F.1 aircraft was destroyed in an accident, killing its crew, not long after it had been handed over to the Finns. It is located 2.8 miles (4.5 km) north of Finland, Minnesota.It was closed in 1980. Air Force) Finland's White Guard, the Whites, manag… Arya itself means a noble one. In one sense, it is also equivalent of ‘amen.’ With various meanings, Swastika is still more than sum of all its meanings. Multinational partnership (including Finland), that operate three jointly owned C-17 Globemasters from Pápa Air Base, Hungary. Close. Sgt. On paper, this force should have been no match for the attacking Soviet Red Air Force. Similarly, what could a hate monger like Hitler do or could have done with a ubiquitous and exquisitely graceful symbol that was open to interpretations? The answer is self-evident. Politics also played a factor, since Hitler did not wish to antagonize the Soviet Union by allowing aircraft exports through German-controlled territory during the conflict. He made it a symbol of hate. In-box reviews. Until 1945 its planes bore a blue swastika on a white background - and this was not intended to show allegiance to Nazi Germany, though the two nations were aligned. In the West, it was known as fylfot or Gammadion before name swastika became popular. [8] A number of Swastikas has been found in sites of Indus Valley Civilization, the most extensive of ancient civilizations of the world as well as on the oldest coinage of India.[9]. The most modern aircraft in the Finnish arsenal were British-designed and -built Bristol Blenheim bombers. Older models, such as the Fokker D.XXI and Gloster Gladiator, had been replaced with new aircraft in front-line combat units. The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Finnish: Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Swedish: Flygvapnet) ("Air Weapon") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.Its peacetime tasks are airspace surveillance, identification flights, and production of readiness formations for wartime conditions. The white circular background was created when the Finns painted over the advertisement from the Thulin air academy. Small numbers of Hawker Hurricanes arrived from the United Kingdom, Morane-Saulnier M.S.406s from France, Fiat G.50s from Italy, and one liaison aircraft. The Air Force monitors and secures the integrity of Finland's territory on a 24/7 basis. These were kept until the 1980s. Two of the aircraft, one reconnaissance aircraft (Nieuport 10) and one fighter aircraft (Nieuport 17) that had arrived to Riihimäki were sent to Tampere, and three to Kouvola. In Indian sub-continent, it can be located from pre-Harappan times to the date. Air Force One carrying President Trump lands in Helsinki, Finland to meet with President Putin. It is a word of Indian origin, and has its history and definite meaning in India. In this article, I will examine how come the symbol came to be associated with Nazism, and whether the use of the word Swastika is appropriate to designate a symbol that was, in first place, called as Hakenkreuz by no less than Hitler himself. The Finnish MoD initiated its Hornet replacement programme in June 2015, and named it the "HX Fighter Program". Maybe, a symbolic representation of the Rigveda’s Aano bhadra krtavo yantu vishwatah (meaning: Let noble thoughts come to me from all directions). There were few alterations and adjustments made as the Army grew from a limited peacetime defense force of … 5 5. Finland File:Presidential Standard of Finland.svg File:Rv1007 s11 lentosotakoulu.jpg Finland might be a notable exception amongst the modern Western countries regarding the public attitude towards the swastika. Letter from Max Müller to Heinrich Schliemann, quoted in Schliemann, Ilios, London, 1880, p. 346. The words Arya or Aryan come from the Vedas and Avesta scriptures to designate Indo-Aryan people. Finland * Swastika adorned flags and other military equipment as a war emblem. भारत में व्याप्त सामाजिक असामानता केवल एक वर्ग विशेष के साथ जिसे कि दलित कहा जाता है के साथ ही व्यापक रूप से प्रभावी है परंतु आर्थिक असमानता को केवल दलितों में ही व्याप्त नहीं माना जा सकता।, एक सफल शासन की नींव समुद्रगप्त ने अपने शासनकाल में ही रख दी थी इसीलिए गुप्त सम्राटों का शासन अत्यधिक सफल रहा। साम्राज्य की दृढ़ता शांति और नागरिकों की उन्नति इसके प्रमाण थे।. We don't know about any in-box reviews for this Finland (Finnish) WWII Swastika (#MM24050K) from Maketar. In Finland the swastika was used as the official national marking of the Finnish Air Force and Army between 1918 and 1944. Results with this fighter were very good, even though the type was considered to be a failure in the US Navy and with British and Dutch Far East forces. It is easier to hate than understand. 120+ Happy New Year 2021 Poem for Kids In Hindi, English, Marathi, Telugu; 100+ Happy New Year Wishes for Wife (2021) In Hindi, Tamil, Marathi A photograph of this plane can be found in the book by Shores 1969, p. 4. Air Force Command Finland (AFCOMFIN), at Jyväskylä–Tikkakoski, is the command headquarters of the Commander of the Air Force, and in that capacity is responsible for the direction of Finland's air defense under normal conditions and during times of crises. The goal is to start the fighter candidates’ environmental testing in Finland in 2019. The main Wing bases are at Rovaniemi, Tampere and Kuopio-Rissala, each with a front-line squadron. Finnish anti-aircraft guns also had 314 confirmed downed enemy planes. 'MT-501' is in black and white. Zur Luftwaffe soll das Hakenkreuz gekommen sein, als der schwedische Graf Eric von Rosen 1918 Finnland ein Flugzeug schenkte, das ein blaues Hakenkreuz zierte. Finland's White Guard, the Whites, managed to seize a few aircraft from the Soviets, but were forced to rely on foreign pilots and aircraft. Along with aircraft shortages, the Whites also did not have any personnel, so all the pilots and mechanics also came from Sweden. In Buddhist tradition, the Swastika symbolizes the feet or footprints of the Buddha. Among these were that the Finnish Air Force were to have: These revisions followed Soviet demands closely. In December 2015 the Finnish MoD sent a letter to Britain, France, Sweden and the US informing them that the fighter project had been launched in the Defence Forces. The Russian military had a number of early designs stationed in the country, which until the Russian Revolution of 1917 had been part of the Russian Empire. This insignia was everywhere–on the party’s flag, badge, armband. Hitler’s ascent to power took the belief in racial supremacism to a new level. There are a total of [ 6 ] individual aircraft entries in the Active Finnish Air Force Aircraft (2020) category in the Military Factory. The blue swastika was the good luck symbol used by the Swedish Count Erich von Rosen[? It is time to remember the warning of Max Muller so as to bring to an end this mindless association: I do not like the use of the word Svastika outside India. The Germans brought several of their own aircraft, but they did not contribute much to the overall outcome of the war. The Russian military had a number of early designs stationed in the country, which until the Russian Revolution of 1917 had been part of the Russian Empire. A stripped-down, more maneuverable, and significantly lightened version of the American Brewster Buffalo was the FAF's main fighter until 1943. Rational nomenclature demanded that a name with a history of thousands of years be assigned to the symbol. The Air Force protects the nation's vital assets and functions from air attacks. The Good Swastika Making peace with the swastika does not mean making peace with Nazis past and present, nor with their hateful ideology – nor with their corrupted version of that symbol. I know the Finnish swastika for their air force was used after 1918, but did no one really have a problem with it? The Finns constructed many decoys and built shrapnel protection walls for the aircraft. The Reds were in possession of a few airbases and a few Russian aircraft, mainly amphibious aircraft. The Imperial Russian Air Force aircraft hangars for seaplanes in Reval (Tallinn) harbor were some of the first reinforced concrete structures in the world. [21] The buying decision is scheduled to take place in 2021. This is the Unit Colour of the Finnish Air Force Academy. The first steps in the history of Finnish aviation were taken with Russian aircraft. Anti-Nazism is at fault too by perpetuating this misplaced and pre-conceived notion by constantly linking the symbol with Nazism. Finland was required to expel or intern remaining German forces as part of its peace agreement with the Soviets in mid-1944. The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Finnish: Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Swedish: Flygvapnet) ("Air Weapon") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces. It is a widely-used religious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Swastika can be interpreted in many ways but can itself not be defined or fully decoded, rendering it an enthralling sign. But it is a temptation which the true student ought to resist, except, it may be, for the sake of illustration. Swastika is easy to draw, can be moulded in many other shapes with artistic creativity and is exquisitely graceful. The Finnish Air Force was founded on 6 March 1918. The first steps in the history of Finnish aviation were taken with Russian aircraft. It led to Indo-Aryanism and a belief in the superiority of Aryan race. Finland Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina News Finland Portsmouth Naval Shipyard News ( search ) Finland Ramstein Air Base, Germany News ( search ) Finland might be a notable exception amongst the modern Western countries regarding the public attitude towards the swastika. This led to a diverse inventory of Soviet, British, Swedish, French and Finnish aircraft. The primary fighter aircraft was the Fokker D.XXI, a cheap but maneuverable design with fabric-covered fuselage and fixed landing gear. Consider making a voluntary payment. [2] In public imagination too, swastika has, in a way, become onomatopoeic with the horrors of Nazism. Swasti means well being, swastika means asking the well - being of the gods. Theory met evidence. Latvia also adopted the Swastika called the Ugunskrusts for its air force in 1918 up until 1940. As the line neared Tampere, the AFB was moved first to Orivesi and then to Kaukajärvi near Tampere as well. Comment. There were no overall headquarters, but the individual units served under the commander of the individual front line. Voltaire, for instance, was convinced that everything that is important for civilization like astronomy, astrology, metempsychosis, etc. In this narrative, North European “Aryans” had migrated across the world and founded all major civilizations, but eventually lost their purity and potency through racial mixing (miscegenation) with non-Aryans. Air Force Academy. [7] In Buddhism, the swastika is considered to symbolize the auspicious footprints of the Buddha. At the beginning of the Winter War, the Finnish Air Force was equipped with only 18 Bristol Blenheim bombers and 46 fighters (32 modern Fokker D.XXIs and 14 obsolete Bristol Bulldogs). However, the Finnish Air Force had already adopted the Finger-four formation in the mid-1930s,[7][8] which was to be found to be much more effective formation than the Vic formation that many other countries were still using when World War II began. Just here to remember that was the flag of the Finnish air force until this year. Finnish divisions, strength and equipment, tanks, air force and navy. Last year, a bill was introduced in New York Senate to mandate compulsory education in all schools to the “meanings of swastika,” a symbol of ‘hate.’ Swastika was bundled with noose, “a symbol of racism and intimidation’’ in the bill. It was initially meant that the aircraft would be used to support the air operations of the Whites, but the aircraft ultimately proved unsuitable. China uses the strategy of "Borrow the knife to kill" in India's neighborhood, भारतीय राज्य व्यवस्था में सूरजमल का योगदान सैद्धांतिक या बौद्धिक नहीं अपितु रचनात्मक तथा व्यावहारिक था। मुसलमानों, मराठों, राजपूतों से गठबंधन का शिकार हुए बिना ही उसने अपने युग पर एक जादू सा फेर दिया था।, कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी में दिक्कत चीन के लिए बुरी खबर है। नेपाल में कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी के सत्ता में आने के बाद से ही भारत विरोधी सेंटिमेंट्स को हवा मिलनी शुरू हो गई थी। अगर नेपाल में कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी कमजोर होती है तो भारत के साथ रिश्ते फिर से बेहतर होने की उम्मीद है।, अशोक स्तम्भ भले ही मौर्यकाल की निर्मित हो किन्तु उसमें अंकित चित्र व भाव भारतीय संस्कृति की उस धारा के उज्ज्वल आयाम है जो अनादिकाल से अनवरत प्रवाहित है।, चीन सामरिक दृष्टि से भारत और अन्य देशों से निपटने के लिए एक 200 किमी लंबी सुरंग ग्वादर बंदरगाह के पास बना रहा है। सच्चाई ये है कि, यह बलूचिस्तान के विकास नहीं, भारत पर दबाव बनाने की चीन व पाकिस्तान की ही मिलीजुली रणनीति का एक हिस्सा है। यह सुरंग अरब सागर में बलूचिस्तान के ग्वादर बंदरगाह को चीन में काशघर से जोड़ेगी।. * Blue swastikas painted on the wings of an aircraft, and were a national insignia of the Finnish Air Force. It is a sign of good fortune, peace, prosperity, benediction and blessing, and all thoughts and deeds noble–a sign of Arya (meaning noble). The editor of the Swedish daily magazine Aftonbladet, Waldemar Langlet, bought a N.A.B. The Heer as the German army and part of the Wehrmacht inherited its uniforms and rank structure from the Reichsheer of the Weimar Republic (1921–1935). In Finland some military units still use swastika ([28],[29], [30]). Soviet air raids on Finnish airfields usually caused little or no damage as a result, and often resulted in interception of the attackers by the Finns as the bombers flew homeward. The Finnish air force also had a blue swastika on their aircraft. The current Hornet fleet is set to begin being phased out from 2025, and to be completely decommissioned by 2030. The swastika became the symbol par excellence of the Aryan, or in anthropological terms, the White Race. Captured Tupolev SBs, Ilyushin DB-3s, and Polikarpov I-153s were reconditioned for service. Repairs took often a long time, and the State Aircraft Factory was burdened with restoration/repair of captured Soviet planes, foreign aircraft with many hours of flight time, and the development of indigenous Finnish fighter types. In-box reviews. The Finnish Air Force was founded on 6 March 1918. Hence, the swastika was the official mark of the Finnish Air Force until 1945, when the present blue-white cockade was adopted. A working group was created and it identified suitable aircraft.[18]. The ubiquitous and immemorial Swastika was now both a proof and sign of a superior Aryan race [14]; its simple yet je ne sais quoi design, of the race’s superiority. From a laundry company to a shipping company; from a national air force to a war committee, swastika was ubiquitous much before Hitler was even born. Finland's air force has been using a swastika ever since it was founded in 1918, shortly after the country became an independent nation and long before Nazism devastated Europe. The two-letter code usually refers to the aircraft manufacturer or model, such as HN for F/A-18 Hornet, DK for Saab 35 Draken, VN for Valmet Vinka etc. Ask Nazis! There were few alterations and adjustments made as the army grew from a limited peacetime defense force of 100,000 men to a war-fighting force of several million men. One of the Finnish Jägers, Lieutenant Bertil Månsson, had been given pilot training in Imperial Germany, but he stayed behind in Germany, trying to secure further aircraft deals for Finland. The primary mission of the Air Force Academy is to train conscripts and active duty personnel for air defense tasks. It has been found from Scandivania to Africa, Paraguay to America. Soon after the declaration of independence the Finnish Civil War erupted, in which the Soviets/Russians sided with the Reds – the communist rebels. In times of crisis, the main task of the Air Force is defensive counter air operations. So when Hitler informed the Finns of his impending invasion of the Soviet Union they readily cooperated with Germany to secure the contested Karelian region and the strategically important ce… Many of these purchases and gifts did not arrive until the end of the hostilities, but were to see action later during the Continuation and Lapland wars. It can still be seen on old aircraft in Finland. His job was taken over by the German Captain Carl Seber, who commanded the air force from April 28, 1918 until December 13, 1918. Just here to remember that was the flag of the Finnish air force until this year. The tursaansydän is used by scouts in some instances and a student organization. The use of svastika symbol however predates its name, and was not limited to Indian subcontinent alone. [3] Considered as great grandfather of linguistics, Panini used swastika to illustrate a particular sound of letter a. The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Finnish: Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Swedish: Flygvapnet) ("Air Weapon") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.Its peacetime tasks are airspace surveillance, identification flights, and production of readiness formations for wartime conditions. 18th century Europe witnessed a growing fascination towards Sanskrit, Indic cultures and anything Indian. During the war, a total 3 500 tons of aviation fuel was transported to Finland via Stockholm-Turku, along with lubricants. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The FAF's main mission was to achieve air superiority over Finland and prevent Soviet air power from reinforcing their front lines. Other types, especially the Italian Fiat G.50 and Curtiss Hawk 75, also proved capable in the hands of well-trained Finnish pilots. Swedish count Eric von Rosen gave the Finnish White government its second aircraft, a Thulin Typ D.[3] Its pilot, Lieutenant Nils Kindberg, flew the aircraft to Vaasa on 6 March 1918, carrying von Rosen as a passenger. Current (misleading) nsfw. The FAF changed its aircraft insignia, which resembled the unrelated Third Reich's Hakenkreuz swastika after 1944, due to an Allied Control Commission decree[5] prohibiting Fascist organizations. Western use of the swastika in the early 20th century § Finland, List of units of the Finnish Air Force during the Winter War, sent aircraft to assist in the Finnish war effort, List of units of the Finnish Air Force during the Continuation War, List of aircraft in the Finnish Air Force, "Finland's air force quietly drops swastika symbol", "Avslöjande: Sverige lagrade jaktplan för finska piloter", F-18 costs delay Finnish support requirements November 15, 1995, "Working group proposes multi-role fighters to replace F/A-18 aircraft", "Hävittäjähankinnassa yllätyskäänne: Suomi saattaa ostaa nykyistä enemmän taistelukoneita - hallitus asetti hintakatoksi 10 miljardia euroa", "Finland sends RFI to 4 countries for Hornet replacement", "Requests for Quotation for the HX Programme will be sent to all candidates", "The Finnish Defence Forces' Logistics Command received responses concerning the replacement of the Hornet aircraft", "Finnish Air Force Aircraft Fact Sheet: Boeing F/A-18C and F/A-18D Hornet", "Finnish Air Force Aircraft Fact Sheet: Airbus Military C295M", "Finnish Air Force Aircraft Fact Sheet: Gates Learjet 35A/S", "Finnish Air Force Aircraft Fact Sheet: Pilatus PC-12 NG", "Finnish Air Force Aircraft Fact Sheet: BAE Systems Hawk", "Finnish Air Force Aircraft Fact Sheet: Valmet L-70 Vinka", "Finnish Air Force Aircraft Fact Sheet: Grob G 115E", Pictures of Finnish Air Force aircraft at, Finnish Defence Forces: Presentation of equipment: Interceptor fighter, Aircraft and Weapon Systems Training Wing, Finnish Intelligence Research Establishment, Raising the Flag on the Three-Country Cairn,, Military units and formations established in 1918, Articles with Finnish-language sources (fi), Articles containing Finnish-language text, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 937 kg (2000 lb) precision guided munition, 454 kg (1000 lb) precision guided munition, 226 kg (500 lb) precision guided munition.

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